- H. Sally Thompson,
Women Religious; The Founding of English Nunneries after the Norman Conquest,
Oxford, 1991, pp.7-15.
- Ibid. pp.13-15.
- For the lectio
divina see Chapter 48 of the Rule ('De opera manuum cotidiano'). Texts and
translations are given at http://www.osb.org/rb/index.html#English
- Jocelyn Wogan-Browne,
' "Reading is Good Prayer"; Recent Research on Female Reading Communities',
Analytical Survey 5, in New Medieval Literatures, Vol. V, 2002, pp.229-297,
- N.R. Ker, Medieval
Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, Royal Historical Society
Guides and Handbooks, 3, 2nd. edn., London, 1969; and Ker and A.G. Watson,
Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: Supplement to the Second Edition, R.H.S.
Guides and Handbooks, 15, London, 1987.
- David N. Bell,
What Nuns Read; Books and Libraries in Medieval English Nunneries, Kalamazoo,
op. cit., p.250.
- For the mid-twelfth-century
Durham library catalogue see Catalogi Veteres Librorum Ecclesie Cathedralis
Dunelm, ed. B.B., Surtees Society 7, 1838.
- The Rievaulx
catalogue was printed by A. Hoste, Bibliotheca Aelrediana, Instrumenta Patristica
2, 1962, pp.150-76, and by M.R. James, Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the
Library of Jesus College, Cambridge, Cambridge, 1895. For this, see also D.
Bell, ed., The Libraries of the Cistercians, Gilbertines and Premonstratensians,
Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 3, London, 1992. The twelfth-century
library-catalogue of Whitby is printed in Cartularium Abbathiae de Whitby,
I, ed. J.C. Atkinson, Surtees Society 64, 1878, p.341.
- For discussion
of the Durham, Cistercian and Whitby catalogues see A.E. Lawrence-Mathers,
Manuscripts in Northumbria in the 11th and 12th Centuries, Woodbridge, 2003.
- The catalogue,
and other evidence, for Syon are fully discussed by Bell in What Nuns Read.
op. cit., p.251.
- The Durham records
of the miracles of St Cuthbert preserve the story of Robert of St Martin,
a former knight who became a novice at Durham in the twelfth century. He was
so overwhelmed by trying to memorise liturgical material and learn Latin that
he threw his book at the saint's shrine in disgust. See J. Raine, ed., Reginaldi
monachi Dunelmensis libellus de admirandis beati Cuthberti virtutibus quae
novellis patratae sunt temporibus, Surtees Society, 1, 1835, pp.158-60.
- Probably the
best introduction to this subject is F.P. Pickering, 'The Calendar Pages of
Medieval Service Books', Reading Medieval Studies, Monograph No. 1, Reading,
- More detailed
comments on hands and scripts are given in Ker, Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing
Anglo-Saxon, Oxford, 1959, p.xix, n.2.
- See: A. Schroer,
Der Winteney-Version der Regula S. Benedicti, Halle, 1888; revised edn. M.
Gretsch, Tubingen, 1978. Frank Henderson's Website on 'Feminine Versions of
the Rule of St Benedict' is at http://www.osb.org/aba/rb/feminine.
- The basis of
all later martyrologies was the Jeromian Martyrology, wrongly attributed to
St Jerome, which has entries for each day of the year. That of Bede is more
selective, but adds information from a range of sources to fill out the stories
of the saints included. This version remained very popular and was widely
copied, but was also frequently edited, interpolated and added to, to produce
versions tailored to the requirements of individual houses.
definitions and calculations for the saltus lunae are possible. See Pickering,
op. cit., p.17, and E.G. Richards, Mapping Time; the Calendar and its History,
Oxford, 2nd. edn., 1999, p.355.
- See Janet Burton,
'The foundation of the British Cistercian houses', in Norton and Park, eds.,
Cistercian Art and Architecture in the British Isles, Cambridge, 1986, at
- See D. Knowles
and R.N. Hadcock, Medieval Religious Houses, England and Wales, 2nd. edn.,
London, 1971. For discussion of Wintney see Thompson, Women Religious, pp.108-9
and 163. The hostility of the Cistercians to accepting communities of women
is demonstrated by Thompson in her 'The problem of the Cistercian nuns in
the twelfth and early thirteenth centuries', in D. Baker, ed., Medieval Women;
Studies in Church History, Subsidia, 1, Oxford, 1978, pp.227-252.
- Thompson, 'Cistercian
Nuns' at pp.227-8.
- Thompson, Women
- Ibid. and p.163.
- See the chapter
'Quos libros non licet habere diversos' of the Cistercian Capitula of 1098-c1100,
and Carta Caritatis Prior, III, printed in Norton and Park, Cistercian Art
and Architecture, p.319; (a further list is given on p.321).
- All these names
are commemorated in the Obituary Calendar, and are discussed by Thompson,